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[原创]创建Oracle Database Imange in Docker

2017-08-23

[原创]创建Oracle Database Imange in Docker

在Oracle Linux x86-64的虚拟机上安装docker + DB12cR2的步骤

vagrant安装OL7.3

参考之前文档并扩容50G空间

类似:

F:\02_VMs\Docker>vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Importing base box 'OL7.3_Docker'...
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: Docker_default_1503391732690_93590
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
	default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...
	default: 1521 (guest) => 1521 (host) (adapter 1)
	default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
==> default: Running 'pre-boot' VM customizations...
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
	default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
	default: SSH username: vagrant
	default: SSH auth method: private key
	default: Warning: Connection aborted. Retrying...
	default:
	default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace
	default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security.
	default:
	default: Inserting generated public key within guest...
	default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present...
	default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
	default: /vagrant => F:/02_VMs/Docker
==> default: Running provisioner: shell...
	default: Running: C:/Users/honglin/AppData/Local/Temp/vagrant-shell20170822-8728-1wgp647.sh

F:\02_VMs\Docker>

安装docker

参考文档如下:(备注代理设置自行biadu/google解决,大概需要设置/etc/yum.conf,/etc/resolv.conf, .bashrc代理变量设置等)

Install Docker in this VM 

https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E52668_01/E87205/html/docker_install_upgrade_yum_uek.html

参考命令:

# yum-config-manager --disable ol7_UEKR3
# yum-config-manager --enable ol7_UEKR4

# yum update
# systemctl reboot

# yum-config-manager --enable ol7_addons
# yum install docker-engine

yum_update

下载git包

https://github.com/oracle/docker-images/tree/master/OracleDatabase

命令:

yum install wget
yum install git
git clone https://github.com/oracle/docker-images.git

Log步骤:

root@oraclelinux7:~# uname -a
Linux oraclelinux7.vagrant.vm 4.1.12-94.3.9.el7uek.x86_64 #2 SMP Fri Jul 14 20:09:40 PDT 2017 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
root@oraclelinux7:~# which wget
/usr/bin/wget
root@oraclelinux7:~# which git
/usr/bin/git
root@oraclelinux7:~# git clone https://github.com/oracle/docker-images.git                                                                                 
Cloning into 'docker-images'...
remote: Counting objects: 6473, done.                                                                                                                      
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (46/46), done.                                                                                                           
remote: Total 6473 (delta 17), reused 27 (delta 8), pack-reused 6419                                                                                       
Receiving objects: 100% (6473/6473), 4.85 MiB | 321.00 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (3624/3624), done.
root@oraclelinux7:~# 
root@oraclelinux7:~# ls -ltr docker-images/
total 16
-rw-r----- 1 root root 4435 Aug 22 12:07 CONTRIBUTING.md
-rw-r----- 1 root root  430 Aug 22 12:07 CODEOWNERS
drwxr-x--- 4 root root   65 Aug 22 12:07 ContainerCloud
drwxr-x--- 3 root root   41 Aug 22 12:07 GraalVM
drwxr-x--- 8 root root   94 Aug 22 12:07 GlassFish
drwxr-x--- 2 root root    6 Aug 22 12:07 MySQL
drwxr-x--- 8 root root  134 Aug 22 12:07 NoSQL
drwxr-x--- 3 root root   70 Aug 22 12:07 OracleBI
drwxr-x--- 5 root root  127 Aug 22 12:07 OpenJDK
drwxr-x--- 4 root root   81 Aug 22 12:07 OracleCoherence
drwxr-x--- 3 root root   54 Aug 22 12:07 OracleDataIntegrator
drwxr-x--- 5 root root  113 Aug 22 12:07 OracleDatabase
drwxr-x--- 3 root root   54 Aug 22 12:07 OracleFMWInfrastructure
drwxr-x--- 3 root root   70 Aug 22 12:07 OracleHTTPServer
drwxr-x--- 4 root root   56 Aug 22 12:07 OracleJava
drwxr-x--- 3 root root   40 Aug 22 12:07 OracleInstantClient
drwxr-x--- 4 root root  100 Aug 22 12:07 OracleSOASuite
drwxr-x--- 4 root root   74 Aug 22 12:07 OracleTuxedo
drwxr-x--- 5 root root  100 Aug 22 12:07 OracleWebLogic
-rw-r----- 1 root root 1671 Aug 22 12:07 README.md
root@oraclelinux7:~# 

下载DB12cR2

下载:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/oracle12c-linux-12201-3608234.html

git 下载docker-images

下载:(备注代理设置自行biadu/google解决,大概需要设置/etc/yum.conf,/etc/resolv.conf, .bashrc代理变量设置等)

root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images# cd OracleDatabase/
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase# ls 
COPYRIGHT  dockerfiles  LICENSE  README.md  samples  tests
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase# cd dockerfiles/
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# pwd
/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# ls 
11.2.0.2  12.1.0.2  12.2.0.1  buildDockerImage.sh
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# 

拷贝安装文件linuxx64_12201_database.zip 到dockerfiles目录下

root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles/12.2.0.1# ls 
checkDBStatus.sh  Checksum.ee   createDB.sh    db_inst.rsp    Dockerfile.se2        linuxx64_12201_database.zip  runUserScripts.sh  setupLinuxEnv.sh
checkSpace.sh     Checksum.se2  dbca.rsp.tmpl  Dockerfile.ee  installDBBinaries.sh  runOracle.sh                 setPassword.sh     startDB.sh
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles/12.2.0.1# 

Docker 代理设置:

2.3 Configuring Proxy Requirements

Docker Dtabase 12cR2 Image的安装

启动docker

命令如下

# systemctl start docker
# systemctl enable docker

root@oraclelinux7:~# systemctl start docker
root@oraclelinux7:~# systemctl enable docker
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/docker.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service.
root@oraclelinux7:~# 

启动后确认

命令如下

root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# docker version
Client:
 Version:      17.03.1-ce
 API version:  1.27
 Go version:   go1.7.5
 Git commit:   276fd32
 Built:        Fri Jun 23 20:13:39 2017
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
Cannot connect to the Docker daemon at unix:///var/run/docker.sock. Is the docker daemon running?
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# systemctl start docker                                                                                                                                       
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# systemctl enable docker
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/docker.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service.
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# docker version
Client:
 Version:      17.03.1-ce
 API version:  1.27
 Go version:   go1.7.5
 Git commit:   276fd32
 Built:        Fri Jun 23 20:13:39 2017
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64

Server:
 Version:      17.03.1-ce
 API version:  1.27 (minimum version 1.12)
 Go version:   go1.7.5
 Git commit:   276fd32
 Built:        Fri Jun 23 20:13:39 2017
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
 Experimental: false
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# 

脚本安装docker images

最耗费时间的一步,通过脚本构建image

$ ./buildDockerImage.sh -h

Usage: buildDockerImage.sh -v [version] [-e | -s | -x] [-i] [-o] [Docker build option]
Builds a Docker Image for Oracle Database.

Parameters:
   -v: version to build
	   Choose one of: 11.2.0.2  12.1.0.2  12.2.0.1
   -e: creates image based on 'Enterprise Edition'
   -s: creates image based on 'Standard Edition 2'
   -x: creates image based on 'Express Edition'
   -i: ignores the MD5 checksums
   -o: passes on Docker build option

* select one edition only: -e, -s, or -x

LICENSE CDDL 1.0 + GPL 2.0

Copyright (c) 2014-2017 Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
$ 
构建脚本
# ./buildDockerImage.sh -v 12.2.0.1 -e


root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# pwd
/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# ls 
11.2.0.2  12.1.0.2  12.2.0.1  buildDockerImage.sh
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# ./buildDockerImage.sh -v 12.2.0.1 -e
Checking if required packages are present and valid...
~~~ 省略 ~~~


Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 21595 MB    Passed
Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 2047 MB    Passed
Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2017-08-23_04-01-24AM. Please wait ...[WARNING] [INS-32055] The Central Inventory is located in the Oracle base.
   ACTION: Oracle recommends placing this Central Inventory in a location outside the Oracle base directory.
You can find the log of this install session at:
 /opt/oracle/oraInventory/logs/installActions2017-08-23_04-01-24AM.log

The installation of Oracle Database 12c was successful.
Please check '/opt/oracle/oraInventory/logs/silentInstall2017-08-23_04-01-24AM.log' for more details.

As a root user, execute the following script(s):
		1. /opt/oracle/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
		2. /opt/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/root.sh



Successfully Setup Software.

~~~ 省略 ~~~

Changing groupname of /opt/oracle/oraInventory to dba.
The execution of the script is complete.
Check /opt/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/install/root_fd6fa6fd2f2c_2017-08-23_04-28-53-658776916.log for the output of root script
 ---> 230ba7344d6c
Removing intermediate container 94a6ddcf3aff
Step 12/16 : USER oracle
 ---> Running in a0b8e4160c59
 ---> 9af4532c49e2
Removing intermediate container a0b8e4160c59
Step 13/16 : WORKDIR /home/oracle
 ---> ef531098bd27
Removing intermediate container 6cacb5abbd0d
Step 14/16 : VOLUME $ORACLE_BASE/oradata
 ---> Running in d96237ff953d
 ---> c47b4fd44b85
Removing intermediate container d96237ff953d
Step 15/16 : EXPOSE 1521 5500
 ---> Running in 13b230c3e215
 ---> 8f34299ce96a
Removing intermediate container 13b230c3e215
Step 16/16 : CMD exec $ORACLE_BASE/$RUN_FILE
 ---> Running in 0c933b7d4990
 ---> ffd588858327
Removing intermediate container 0c933b7d4990
Successfully built ffd588858327

  Oracle Database Docker Image for 'ee' version 12.2.0.1 is ready to be extended: 
	
	--> oracle/database:12.2.0.1-ee

  Build completed in 3071 seconds.
  
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles#


时间比较久,我这次花了 3071 秒。

查看docker的image

命令如下:

# docker ps
# docker images

root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles# docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED              SIZE
oracle/database     12.2.0.1-ee         ffd588858327        About a minute ago   13.2 GB
oraclelinux         7-slim              c0feb50f7527        13 days ago          118 MB
root@oraclelinux7:/vagrant/workspaces/docker-images/OracleDatabase/dockerfiles#	

如上可以看到image是13.2G,构建之前要充足考虑文件系统大小,另外安装过程也提示了swap的空间大小限制

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB.
Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.	

启动docker的DB

命令如下

docker run -d -it –name dockerDB -p 1528:1521 -p 5508:5500 -e ORACLE_PWD=password oracle/database:12.2.0.1-ee

root@oraclelinux7:~# docker run -d -it --name dockerDB -p 1528:1521 -p 5508:5500 -e ORACLE_PWD=password oracle/database:12.2.0.1-ee
f334268950da74247ec21333ff18b93e6e1c7d23d205840a5bd3ce4fabe9cc27
root@oraclelinux7:~# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                         COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                                            NAMES
f334268950da        oracle/database:12.2.0.1-ee   "/bin/sh -c 'exec ..."   8 seconds ago       Up 3 seconds        0.0.0.0:1528->1521/tcp, 0.0.0.0:5508->5500/tcp   dockerDB
root@oraclelinux7:~# 

连接到dockerDB上

root@oraclelinux7:~# docker exec -it dockerDB /bin/bash
[oracle@f334268950da ~]$ ps -ef | grep smon
oracle     485     1  0 04:43 ?        00:00:00 ora_smon_ORCLCDB                                                                                                                             
oracle     556   533  0 04:44 ?        00:00:00 grep --color=auto smon                                                                                                                       
[oracle@f334268950da ~]$
[oracle@f334268950da ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=ORCLCDB
[oracle@f334268950da ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Wed Aug 23 04:46:09 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

SQL>

如果ORCLCDB没启动的话通过设置变量之后,启动实例

export ORACLE_HOME=/opt/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_SID=ORCLCDB
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

或者查看 /etc/oratab 了解oracle home目录和sid信息

[oracle@f334268950da ~]$ cat /etc/oratab
#



# This file is used by ORACLE utilities.  It is created by root.sh
# and updated by either Database Configuration Assistant while creating
# a database or ASM Configuration Assistant while creating ASM instance.

# A colon, ':', is used as the field terminator.  A new line terminates
# the entry.  Lines beginning with a pound sign, '#', are comments.
#
# Entries are of the form:
#   $ORACLE_SID:$ORACLE_HOME:<N|Y>:
#
# The first and second fields are the system identifier and home
# directory of the database respectively.  The third field indicates
# to the dbstart utility that the database should , "Y", or should not,
# "N", be brought up at system boot time.
#
# Multiple entries with the same $ORACLE_SID are not allowed.
#
#
ORCLCDB:/opt/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1:N
[oracle@f334268950da ~]$ 

完工!docker操作命令参考其他文档。

~~~~ 2017/08/22 LinHong ~~~~


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